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Pool Care Basic

Pool Care Basics: The Essential Guide to Pool Maintenance

Ready to learn the basics of pool chemistry? POOLCORP Chemical Specialist Melissa Bushy explains it all in this 15 video showcase. Browse through the different topics to find lessons on each chemical as well as common problems and their solutions. Continue reading our guide below for the three main parts of pool care.

If you want to make sure that your Zodiac  pools is clean and healthy, proper maintenance is a must. In this guide, we outline a few simple steps that should be part of your routine. This way, you can maintain a crystal-clear pool with ease and get back to relaxing! When it comes to pool care, keep in mind the three C’s of pool care: Circulation, Cleaning, and Chemistry.


  • Run pool pump 8-12 hours per day
  • Backwash or clean filter if pressure is above 10-15 psi
  • Clean the skimmer & pump basket
  • Keep jets facing circular and downward


  • Brush walls, steps, ladders, low circulation spots daily
  • Skim the surface daily
  • Vacuum once a week or use automatic cleaner


  • Test water 1-2 times per week
  • Balance pH and alkalinity
  • Maintain sanitizer levels
  • Shock bi-weekly

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Pool maintenance starts with pool circulation because if your pool water isn’t moving, your pump isn’t pumping, or your filter isn’t filtering, you’re going to be fighting an uphill battle to keep your pool clean. This is because stagnant water is a breeding ground for algae growth.

There are several parts that make up your pool’s circulatory system. The skimmer, the pump, the filter, and the jets. If any one of these pieces is significantly impeded, your water quality will suffer. Here’s a short explanation of how a pool works to keep your water clean and circulating

  1. Pump sucks water from pool through skimmer (usually a rectangular door)
  2. Water travels through pump into filter
  3. Filter cleans out particles that are making your water dirty
  4. Water is pushed back into pool through pool jets

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Frequency: Vacuum once a week. Brush and Skim once per day.

The next step in the trifecta of pool maintenance is cleaning which comprises brushing your pool, skimming the debris off the top, and vacuuming the pool.


Scrubbing the walls with a pool brush pool prevents algae, staining, and scaling, especially around “dead areas” such as steps, ladders, crevices, and below the skimmer.


Skimming the surface of the water with a net or leaf rake removes large debris. This debris is unattractive to swimmers and can fall to the bottom of your pool where it can leave stains.


Vacuuming your pool is another essential part of removing debris that can reduce circulation and damage your pool. 

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Frequency: Test 1-2 times per week. Shock Bi-Weekly.

Chemistry is another huge factor in keeping your water clean. When your water is properly balanced, you’re less likely to struggle with issues like cloudy water, green water, or buildup of harmful bacteria. That’s why a good testing kit is an essential for your pool maintenance toolkit.

Test Your Water & Balance Chemicals

  • pH: Ideally, you want your pool water to have a pH of around 7.5. This is important because pH levels that are too high 
  • Calcium hardness: Again, it’s all about balance here: Shoot for 200 – 400 ppm in a pool. When calcium hardness levels are too low
  • Alkalinity: You want to aim for a total alkalinity of around 120 to 150 ppm. If it’s below this range, your pool’s pH can be affected,
  • Chlorine: Available in sticks, granules, and tablets, chlorine breaks down harmful bacteria and sanitizes your pool water. 
  • Phosphates: If your pool water is green and cloudy, it is possible that the phosphate levels in your pool are too high. 


If you follow these basic steps, you will be on your way to maintaining a crystal-clear pool and avoiding problematic algae growth. The key is establishing a routine and taking early action if you notice discoloration, cloudy water, scaling, or other signs of trouble.

We hope this guide has made your life just a little easier, see our related maintenance articles or use our search if you have more questions!

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